Bioenergetics is a way of understanding personality in terms of the body and its energetic processes. These processes, namely, the production of energy through respiration and metabolism and the discharge of energy in movement, are the basic functions of life. How much energy one has and how one uses his energy determine how one responds to life situations. Obviously, one can cope more effectively if one has more energy, which can be freely translated into movement and expression. Bioenergetics is also a form of therapy that combines work with body and mind to help people resolve their emotional problems and realize more of their potential for pleasure and joy in living.
A fundamental thesis of bioenergetics is that body and mind are functionally identical: that is, what goes on in the mind reflects what is happening in the body and vice versa.
As we all know, mind and body can influence each other. What one thinks can affect how one feels. The converse is equally true. This interaction, however, is limited to the conscious or superficial aspects of the personality. On a deeper level, that is, on the unconscious level, both thinking and feeling are conditioned by energy factors. For example, it is almost impossible for a depressed person to lift himself out of his depression by thinking positive thoughts. This is because his energy level is depressed. When his energy level is raised through deep breathing (his breathing was depressed along with all other vital functions) and the release of feeling, the person comes out of the depressed state.
The energetic processes of the body are related to the state of aliveness of the body. The more alive one is, the more energy one has and vice versa. Rigidity or chronic tension diminishes one’s aliveness and decreases one’s energy. At birth, an organism is in its most alive, most fluid state, at death, rigidity is total, rigor mortis. We cannot avoid the rigidity that comes with age. What we can avoid is the rigidity due to chronic muscular tensions resulting from unresolved emotional conflicts.
Every stress produces a state of tensions in the body. Normally the tension disappears when the stress is relieved. Chronic tensions, however, persist after the provoking stress has been removed as an unconscious bodily attitude or muscular set. Such chronic muscular tensions disturb emotional health by decreasing an individual’s energy, restricting his motility ( the natural spontaneous play and movement of the musculature), and limiting his self-expression. It becomes necessary then to relieve this chronic tension f the person is to regain his full aliveness and emotional well-being. The body work of bioenergetics includes both manipulative procedures and special exercises. The manipulative procedures consist of massage, controlled pressure, and gentle touching to relax contracted muscles. The exercises are designed to help a person get in touch with his tensions and release them through appropriate movement. It is important to know that every contracted muscle is blocking some movement. These exercises have been developed in the course of more than twenty years of therapeutic work with patients. They are done in therapy sessions, in classes, and at home. People who do these exercises report a positive effect upon their energy, their mood, and their work.
(Extract from Alexander Lowen – one of the founding fathers of Bioenergetics)
No one is exempt from the rule that learning occurs through recognition of error.